Multimodal transportation is delivery of one cargo by different option. Types of transport used in any combination: road, rail, sea and air. Generally, any transportation is multimodal. If any transportation of goods, you must first carry from the warehouse of the sender to the port or the airport / Railway station of departure.
After the main transport the goods to be delivered from the port, airport / railway station to the destination consignee's warehouse. In rare cases, namely in the case of road transport of goods delivered to one mode of transport. In all other cases, always use several modes of transport. For example, if you carry air, in any case, first you need to deliver the goods to the airport by car. If you perform the maritime transport, the first cargo to be delivered to the port by car or by means of rail transport. If you make w / d transportation, you first need to bring the goods to the w / d station by car, etc. When transporting cargo, whatever it was way, it raises a number of issues related to the safety of goods, transport safety clearance at customs posts, etc. Major carriers provide to the customer the maximum range of additional services.
But everything will not be able to perform even the biggest company: it is impossible to have your own transportation, warehouses and staff in all corners of the world. While virtually every cargo transportation is carried out by several types of transport. These are called multi-modal transportation - they are required in the event of delivery after air, rail or sea transport by road to the warehouse of destination. Multimodal transportation complex in the organization for a transportation company, and therefore, it is more convenient to select multiple carriers and combine their interaction to deliver the goods. When multimodal transport problems associated with loading and unloading goods and the possibility of damage or loss.
For the safety of cargo actively practiced the use of container transport, where the company provides carrier-empty containers to the customer, provides stowage of cargo in the container and seal it. The container is opened only at the destination, allowing you to monitor the safety and security of cargo transportation. Container shipping is replaced by rigging. However, types of cargo special packaging is required, so virtually all transport companies, customer service is experienced movers. The main purpose of multimodal transport - international freight traffic. Mainly export import cargo. For example from countries in Southeast Asia, one of the main today our trading partners, container transportation is carried out as follows. From Saigon, Vietnam, for example, is sent to the Chinese cargo ship transshipment point. Where rail cargo is to our customs. Then rastomazhivaetsya and road transport enters the warehouses of wholesale distribution.
Naturally, it is quite common scheme. However, even she makes clear the benefits of multimodality. For all its complexity, it allows you to quickly transport the cargo, without exaggeration, to anywhere in the world.